Historical Writing Project

Good and Bad Writing -- Exercises in Evaluating Writing Samples

Grammar -- Affect vs Effect


“Affect” is almost always a verb meaning “to influence” or “to bring about a change in.”
“Effect” is usually a noun and means “result.” Sometimes “effect” is a verb and means “to cause.”

Verb: Patton’s disposition affected how he made decisions.
Noun: An effect of World War I was the decimation of an entire generation of young men.
Verb: The administration effected many changes in the budget.